Trends & lifestyle

Winners from a historic Nicaragua cup of excellence head to July auction

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In the wild, coffee plants can reach anywhere between 6 and 12 metres in height but for on the coffee plantations around the world, they are usually kept to a maximum of 2 metres.

There are two main species of coffee plant, Coffea Canephora – also known as Coffea Robusta –  and Coffea Arabica.
Coffea Arabica gives us Bourbon, Catuai, Caturra, Maragogype, Pacas, Pacamara, Sumatra and Typica varieties as well as Bourbon Yellow, Catual Yellow, Caturra Yellow and Maragogype.
Coffea Robusta on the other hand is more resistant to disease and pests and generally has a much higher caffeine content. It is mostly grown in Vietnam, where French colonists introduced it in the late 19th century, but it is also grown in Africa and Brazil.